This paper surveys the state of the art in counterfeiting and detection technologies….
Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: A Rising Threat in the Global Semiconductor Supply Chain
By Ujjwal Guin, Ke Huang, Daniel DiMase, John M. Carulli, Jr., Mohammad Tehranipoor, and Yiorgos Makris
ABSTRACT | As the electronic component supply chain grows more complex due to globalization, with parts coming from a diverse set of suppliers, counterfeit electronics have become a major challenge that calls for immediate solutions. Currently, there are a few standards and programs available that address the testing for such counterfeit parts. However, not enough research has yet addressed the detection and avoidance of all counterfeit parts V recycled, remarked, overproduced, cloned, out-of-spec/defective, and forged documentation V currently infiltrating the electronic component supply chain. Even if they work initially, all these parts may have reduced lifetime and pose reliability risks. In this tutorial, we will provide a review of some of the existing counterfeit detection and avoidance methods. We will also discuss the challenges ahead for im- plementing these methods, as well as the development of new detection and avoidance mechanisms.